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Randomized controlled trial of a social support ('buddy') intervention for smoking cessation

May, S; West, R; Hajek, P; McEwen, A; McRobbie, H; (2006) Randomized controlled trial of a social support ('buddy') intervention for smoking cessation. PATIENT EDUC COUNS , 64 (1-3) 235 - 241. 10.1016/j.pec.2006.02.008.

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Abstract

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of including a social support intervention ('buddy system') in a group treatment programme to aid smoking cessation.Methods: Five hundred and sixty-three smokers attended groups at a smokers' clinic. These groups were randomized either to be (a) groups in which smokers were paired with another person to provide mutual support (buddy condition: N=237 in 14 groups) or (b) to receive the same treatment without the buddy component (control: N=326 in 20 groups). Participants were seen weekly for the first 4 weeks after stopping then followed up again after 26 weeks.Results: Smokers in the buddy condition were no more likely than smokers in the control condition to stay abstinent at 1, 4 or 26 weeks. The effect was in the right direction at week one post-quit but after controlling for potential confounders the difference was not significant (odds ratio =1.45 (95% Cl; 0.92-2.29), p=0.06).Conclusions: We were unable to show that a buddy system improved abstinence rates of group treatment programmes. This might be due to the high level of social support already achieved through the groups.Practice implications: The buddy system is a simple and very low cost addition to a group treatment programme; but the results from this study suggest that the kind of buddy system tested may not add substantially to the success rates. However there may be merits in a more intensive or protracted form of buddying. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: Randomized controlled trial of a social support ('buddy') intervention for smoking cessation
DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2006.02.008
Keywords: smoking, social support, controlled trial, PARTNER SUPPORT, TREATMENT SERVICES, QUITTING SMOKING, OUTCOMES, SMOKERS, MAINTENANCE, ASSOCIATION, IMPACT, WOMEN
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Behavioural Science and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/3339
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