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Detector characteristics of a pixellated germanium Compton camera for nuclear medicine

Ghoggali, W; Speller, RD; Royle, GJ; Gabathuse, J; Sellin, PJ; Lazarus, IH; Appelbe, DE; (2004) Detector characteristics of a pixellated germanium Compton camera for nuclear medicine. In: Seibert, JA, (ed.) 2004 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record, Vols 1-7. (pp. 2216 - 2220). IEEE

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Abstract

A pixellated germanium Compton camera is currently being developed for imaging 511 keV sources in nuclear medicine. It was built by ORTEC and consists of two planar Ge detectors (the scatter and the absorption detector) housed within the same cryostat. The scatter and absorption detectors have 152 and 25 4x4 mm(2) pixels respectively. The readout electronics was developed at Daresbury Laboratory UK and consists of 15 GRT4 VME cards and a PowerPC. The system is controlled by a PC running MIDAS software. This paper reports the current status of camera development.The pixel energy resolution has been measured to give an average of similar to 0.5% at 356 keV using a NIM module and similar to 2% using a simple digital algorithm. In addition, a centroiding algorithm that takes into consideration the induced charge from the surrounding pixels, is being implemented to improve the intrinsic spatial resolution of the camera, which is restricted by the size of the pixel (4mm), to a target value of similar to 1mm; so far a X-Y position sensitivity of 2mm has been achieved. The depth of interaction can be provided by analysis of the pulse rise time, theoretical predictions anticipate a value of the order of 0.5mm. Currently these parameters are determined offline using simple algorithms, but it is the intention to develop the algorithms and then implement them on the FPGAs available on the GRT4 cards for online analysis.

Type:Proceedings paper
Title:Detector characteristics of a pixellated germanium Compton camera for nuclear medicine
Event:Nuclear Science Symposium/Medical Imaging Conference
Location:Rome, ITALY
Dates:2004-10-16 - 2004-10-22
ISBN:0-7803-8700-7
Keywords:COLLIMATED GAMMA-CAMERA
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Medical Physics and Bioengineering

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