Brown, KL; Clark, RJH; (2002) Analysis of pigmentary materials on the Vinland Map and Tartar Relation by Raman microprobe spectroscopy. Analytical Chemistry , 74 (15) 3658 - 3661. 10.1021/ac025610r.
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Studies by Raman microprobe spectroscopy have shown that the black ink defining each feature on the controversial Vinland Map consists of carbon that overlays a yellow line containing anatase. This material was not detected elsewhere on the map. Since anatase has not been found on medieval artifacts, and such yellow lines are only naturally produced by iron gallotannate inks, a modern (post 1923) origin for the Vinland Map is strongly indicated. The ink of the Tartar Relation is different and probably consists of an iron gallotannate mixed with a small proportion of carbon. The rubrication is established to be vermilion.
|Title:||Analysis of pigmentary materials on the Vinland Map and Tartar Relation by Raman microprobe spectroscopy|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry|
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