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Effect of lipopolysaccharide on the morphology and integrin immunoreactivity of ramified microglia in the mouse brain and in cell culture

Kloss, CUA; Bohatschek, M; Kreutzberg, GW; Raivich, G; (2001) Effect of lipopolysaccharide on the morphology and integrin immunoreactivity of ramified microglia in the mouse brain and in cell culture. EXP NEUROL , 168 (1) 32 - 46. 10.1006/exnr.2000.7575.

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Abstract

Microglial cells form the first line of defense in brain infection. They are related to monocytes and macrophages and can be readily activated by cell wall components of bacteria such as lipopolysaccharides (LPS). In the present study, we explored the effect of this endotoxin in mouse on the morphology of microglia and their immunoreactivity for the integrin family of cell. adhesion molecules in vitro and in vivo. Subcutaneous injection of LPS led to a dose-dependent activation of alphaM beta2-positive microglia, with a saturating effect at 1 mug LPS in the blood-brain barrier deficient area postrema, at 10 mug in the directly adjacent tissue, and at 100 mug throughout the brainstem and cerebellum. Morphologically, this activation was characterized by the swelling of the microglial cell body, a thickening of the proximal processes, and a reduction in distal ramification. Microglial immunoreactivity for the integrins alpha4 beta1, alpha5 beta1, alpha6 beta1, and alphaM beta2 was strongly increased. In vitro, ramified microglia were obtained using a coculture on top of a confluent astrocyte mono layer. Two days exposure to LPS resulted in a morphological activation of the cultured cells with an increase of the integrin immunoreactivity for alpha5 (5.7-fold), alpha4 (3.1-fold), beta1 (2.3-fold), and alphaM (1.5-fold), and a decrease in the alpha6-staining intensity by 39%. Even a sublethal dose of LPS (3 mg in vivo and 500 mug/ml in vitro, respectively) did not induce the phagocyte-associated integrin alphaX beta2 (CD11c/CD18, p150,95) and did not lead to a morphological transformation of the ramified microglia into phagocytes. (C) 2001 Academic Press.

Type: Article
Title: Effect of lipopolysaccharide on the morphology and integrin immunoreactivity of ramified microglia in the mouse brain and in cell culture
DOI: 10.1006/exnr.2000.7575
Keywords: coculture, inflammation, mice, neuroglia, sepsis, VLA, CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM, TUMOR-NECROSIS-FACTOR, FACIAL MOTOR NUCLEUS, NITRIC-OXIDE SYNTHASE, INTERCELLULAR-ADHESION MOLECULE-1, CLASS-II EXPRESSION, RAT-BRAIN, IN-VIVO, INTRAPERITONEAL INJECTIONS, NEUROLOGICAL DISEASE
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Inst for Women's Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Inst for Women's Health > Maternal and Fetal Medicine
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/26779
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