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Microglia and the early phase of immune surveillance in the axotomized facial motor nucleus: Impaired microglial activation and lymphocyte recruitment but no effect on neuronal survival or axonal regeneration in macrophage-colony stimulating factor-deficient mice

Kalla, R; Liu, ZQ; Xu, SL; Koppius, A; Imai, Y; Kloss, CUA; Kohsaka, S; ... Raivich, G; + view all (2001) Microglia and the early phase of immune surveillance in the axotomized facial motor nucleus: Impaired microglial activation and lymphocyte recruitment but no effect on neuronal survival or axonal regeneration in macrophage-colony stimulating factor-deficient mice. J COMP NEUROL , 436 (2) 182 - 201.

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Abstract

Activation of microglia is among the first cellular changes in the injured CNS. However, little is known about their specific contribution to secondary damage or repair processes in neighboring neurons and nonneuronal cells or to the immune surveillance of the damaged tissue. Animal models with defective microglial response such as osteopetrosis provide an approach to explore these effects. Osteopetrosis (op) is an autosomal recessive mutation with a complete deficiency of the macrophage-colony stimulating factor (MCSF; CSF-1), an important mitogen for brain microglia. In the current study we examined the effects of this MCSF deficiency on the microglial reaction and the overall cellular response to nerve injury in the mouse axotomized facial motor nucleus. In the brain, MCSF receptor immunoreactivity was found only on microglia and was strongly up-regulated following injury. MCSF deficiency led to a failure of microglia to show a normal increase in early activation markers (thrombospondin, MCSF receptor, alphaM beta2- and alpha5 beta1-integrins), to spread on the surface of axotomized motoneurons, and to proliferate after injury. Early recruitment of CD3(+) T-lymphocytes to the facial nucleus 24 hours after injury was reduced by 60%. In contrast, the neuronal and astrocyte response was not affected. There was a normal increase in the neuropeptides calcitonin gene-related peptide and galanin, neuronal c-JUN, and NADPH-diaphorase and a decrease in choline acetyltransferase and acetylcholinesterase. Astrocyte glial fibrillary acidic protein immunoreactivity also showed a normal increase. There was a normal influx of macrophages and granulocytes into the injured facial nerve. Synaptic stripping, neuronal survival, and speed of axonal regeneration were also not affected. The current results show a strong, selective effect of MCSF on the early activation of microglia and, indirectly, on lymphocyte recruitment. This early phase of microglial activation appears not to be involved in the process of repair following peripheral nerve injury. However, it is important in the initiation of inflammatory changes in the brain and in the interaction with the immune system. J. Comp. Neurol. 436:182-201, 2001. (C) 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Type: Article
Title: Microglia and the early phase of immune surveillance in the axotomized facial motor nucleus: Impaired microglial activation and lymphocyte recruitment but no effect on neuronal survival or axonal regeneration in macrophage-colony stimulating factor-deficient mice
Keywords: peripheral nerve injury, leukocyte infiltration, motoneuron regeneration, microglia, astrocyte, NERVE GROWTH-FACTOR, FOCAL CEREBRAL-ISCHEMIA, ALZHEIMER-DISEASE, TRANSGENIC MICE, FACTOR-I, TRANSFORMING GROWTH-FACTOR-BETA-1, TRANSSYNAPTIC TRANSPORT, NEUROGLIAL ACTIVATION, CELLULAR-LOCALIZATION, NEURITE OUTGROWTH
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Inst for Women's Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Inst for Women's Health > Maternal and Fetal Medicine
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/26730
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