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Four assay methods for glycated hemoglobin compared as screening tests for diabetes mellitus: the Islington Diabetes Survey.

Forrest, RD; Jackson, CA; Gould, BJ; Casburn-Budd, M; Taylor, JE; Yudkin, JS; (1988) Four assay methods for glycated hemoglobin compared as screening tests for diabetes mellitus: the Islington Diabetes Survey. Clin Chem , 34 (1) pp. 145-148.

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Abstract

We assessed the utility of four methods of glycated hemoglobin assay (agar gel electrophoresis with Schiff base, agar gel electrophoresis with prior removal of Schiff base, boronate affinity chromatography, and isoelectric focusing) as screening tests for diabetes mellitus, studying 223 subjects undergoing an oral glucose-tolerance test after fasting and 2 h after ingestion of 75 g of glucose. Assessment of glucose tolerance status according to the 1980 World Health Organization diagnostic criteria indicated that 13 subjects (5.8%) had diabetes, 48 (21.5%) had impaired glucose tolerance, and nine (4.0%) could not be classified (six of these because of missing values). Use of receiver-operating characteristic curves to compare the assays as screening tests showed the affinity chromatography assay to be superior. Assays for glycated hemoglobin after fasting had better precision than post-glucose-load assays as screening tests, and test characteristics of glycated hemoglobin assays on fasting subjects were similar to those of the blood-glucose estimation after fasting. We conclude that measurement of glycated hemoglobin may be a useful screening test for diabetes, and that such measurement of stable glycated hemoglobin is as accurate as measurement of fasting blood-glucose in screening for diabetes. For this use, we found methods that measure stable glycated hemoglobin superior to that measuring both stable and labile Schiff-base fractions.

Type: Article
Title: Four assay methods for glycated hemoglobin compared as screening tests for diabetes mellitus: the Islington Diabetes Survey.
Location: United States
Keywords: Blood Glucose, Chromatography, Affinity, Diabetes Mellitus, Electrophoresis, Agar Gel, Evaluation Studies as Topic, Fasting, Glucose Tolerance Test, Glycated Hemoglobin A, Humans, Isoelectric Focusing, Mass Screening, Schiff Bases
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/26069
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