Rapid-gradient HPLC method for measuring drug interactions with immobilized artificial membrane: Comparison with other lipophilicity measures.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
1085 - 1096.
A fast-gradient high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method has been suggested to characterize the interactions of drugs with an immobilized artificial membrane (IAM). With a set of standards, the gradient retention times can be converted to Chromatographic Hydrophobicity Index values referring to IAM chromatography (CHIIAM) that approximates an acetonitrile concentration with which the equal distribution of compound can be achieved between the mobile phase and IAM. The CHIIAM values are more suitable for interlaboratory comparison and for high throughput screening of new molecular entities than the log k(IAM) values (isocratic retention factor on IAM). The fast- gradient method has been validated against the isocratic log k(IAM) values using the linear free energy relationship solvation equations based on the data from 48 compounds, The compound set was selected to provide a wide range and the least cross-correlation between the molecular descriptors in the solvation equation: SP = c + r.R-2 + s.pi(2)(H) + a.Sigma alpha(2)(H) + b.Sigma beta(2)(0) + v.V-x (2) where SP is a solute property (e.g., logarithm of partition coefficients, reversed-phase (RP)-HPLC retention parameters, such as log k, log k(w), etc.) and the explanatory variables are solute descriptors as follows: R, is an excess molar refraction that can be obtained from the measured refractive index of a compound, pi(2)(H) is the solute dipolarity/polarizability, Sigma alpha(2)(H) and Sigma beta(2)(0) are the solute overall or effective hydrogen-bond acidity and basicity, respectively, and V-x is the McGowan characteristic volume (in cm(3)/100 mol) that can be calculated for any solute simply from molecular structure using a table of atomic constants. It was found that the relative constants of the solvation equation were very similar for the CHIIAM and for the log k(IAM). The IAM lipophilicity scale was quite similar to the octanol/water lipophilicity scale for neutral compounds, The effect of charge on the interaction with IAM was studied by varying the mobile phase pH. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc. and the American Pharmaceutical Association
|Title:||Rapid-gradient HPLC method for measuring drug interactions with immobilized artificial membrane: Comparison with other lipophilicity measures|
|Additional information:||Journal Article AUG 343ZQ Valko K GlaxoWellcome Med Res Ctr, Hit Generat Sci & Analyt Technol, Stevenage SG1 2NY, Herts, England J PHARM SCI|
|Keywords:||ACETONITRILE, As, Association, BLOOD-BRAIN-BARRIER, CAPACITY FACTORS, CHARGE, CHI solvation equation, chromatographic, Chromatography, COEFFICIENTS, comparison, CONSTANTS, DESCRIPTORS, distribution, DRUG, Drug Interactions, DRUGS, energy, EQUATION, EQUATIONS, high throughput screening, HPLC, HYDROGEN-BOND, HYDROPHOBICITY, IAM chromatographic hydrophobicity index, immobilized artificial membrane, interaction, LIPOPHILICITY, liquid, LOG-P, MED, membrane, Molecular, Molecular Structure, MOLECULAR-STRUCTURE, Other, PARAMETER, PARAMETERS, PARTITION, partition coefficient, PARTITION-COEFFICIENTS, PERFORMANCE LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY, Permeability, pH, pharmaceutical, phase, RANGE, Refractive Index, RETENTION, REVERSED-PHASE, RP HPLC, SCALE, screening, SOLUTE, SOLUTE DESCRIPTORS, SOLVATION, solvation equations, Sp, standards, STATIONARY PHASES, Structure, TIME, VALUES, variable, VARIABLES, volume|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry|
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