Morisset, S and Rouleau, A and Ligneau, X and Gbahou, F and Tardivel-Lacombe, J and Stark, H and Schunack, W and Ganellin, CR and Schwartz, JC and Arrang, JM (2000) High constitutive activity of native H-3 receptors regulates histamine neurons in brain. Nature , 408 (6814) 860 - 864.
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Some G-protein-coupled receptors display 'constitutive activity', that is, spontaneous activity in the absence of agonist(1-4). This means that a proportion of the receptor population spontaneously undergoes an allosteric transition, leading to a conformation that can bind G proteins(3). The process has been shown to occur with recombinant receptors expressed at high density, and/or mutated, but also non-mutated recombinant receptors expressed at physiological concentrations(5-7). Transgenic mice that express a constitutively active mutant of the beta (2)-adrenergic receptor display cardiac anomalies(8); and spontaneous receptor mutations leading to constitutive activity are at the origin of some human diseases(9,10). Nevertheless, this process has not previously been found to occur in animals expressing normal levels of receptor(3,4). Here we show that two isoforms of the recombinant rat H-3 receptor(11,12) display high constitutive activity. Using drugs that abrogate this activity ('inverse agonists') and a drug that opposes both agonists and inverse agonists ('neutral antagonist'), we show that constitutive activity of native H-3 receptors is present in rodent brain and that it controls histaminergic neuron activity in vivo. Inverse agonists may therefore rnd therapeutic applications, even in the case of diseases involving non-mutated receptors expressed at normal levels
|Title:||High constitutive activity of native H-3 receptors regulates histamine neurons in brain|
|Additional information:||Journal Article DEC 14 382PK Arrang JM Ctr Paul Broca, INSERM, U109, Unite Neurobiol & Pharmacol Mol, 2ter Rue Alesia, F-75014 Paris, France NATURE|
|Keywords:||ABSENCE, agonist, agonists, Animal, Animals, antagonist, ANTAGONISTS, beta, BINDING, Brain, cardiac, CEREBRAL-CORTEX, control, DENSITIES, DENSITY, disease, Diseases, DRUG, DRUGS, expression, France, H- 3-RECEPTORS, H-3, H-3 receptor, H3, Histamine, in vivo, in-vivo, INVERSE AGONISTS, ISOFORMS, LEVEL, ligands, May, mice, Mutant, Mutation, MUTATIONS, nature, neuron, neurons, ORIGIN, population, POTENT, process, processes, rat, Receptor, receptors, recombinant, release, therapeutic, transgenic, transgenic mice, transition|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry|
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