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Cardiotrophin-1: a novel cytokine and its effects in the heart and other tissues.

Latchman, DS; (2000) Cardiotrophin-1: a novel cytokine and its effects in the heart and other tissues. Pharmacol Ther , 85 (1) pp. 29-37.

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Abstract

Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1) originally was discovered as a factor that can induce hypertrophy of cardiac myocytes, both in vitro and in vivo. Subsequently, CT-1 has been shown to have a wide variety of different effects on cardiac and noncardiac, cells including the ability to stimulate the survival of both cardiac and neuronal cells. Like other members of the interleukin-6 family of cytokines, CT-1 stimulates both the p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway and the Janus-activated kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription pathway. Interestingly, whilst activation of the p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway is necessary for the survival-promoting effects of CT-1 in cardiac cells, it is not required for its hypertrophic effect, which is likely to involve activation of the Janus-activated kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 pathway. CT-1, therefore, may be of use as a novel cardioprotective agent, particularly if its hypertrophic effect can be specifically inhibited.

Type: Article
Title: Cardiotrophin-1: a novel cytokine and its effects in the heart and other tissues.
Location: England
Keywords: Animals, Cardiomegaly, Cardiovascular Agents, Clinical Trials as Topic, Cytokines, Heart, Humans, In Vitro Techniques, Signal Transduction, Tissue Distribution
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health > ICH - Directors Office
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/24858
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