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Investigation into the effects of temperature and stirring rate on the solid-phase extraction of diuron from water using a C-18 extraction disk

Green, CE; Abraham, MH; (2000) Investigation into the effects of temperature and stirring rate on the solid-phase extraction of diuron from water using a C-18 extraction disk. Journal of Chromatography A , 885 (1-2) 41 - 49.

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Abstract

A novel experimental method for determining the equilibrium constant, K-eq, and the uptake rate constant, k(up), for the solid-phase extraction (SPE) of diuron from water using a C-18 Empore extraction disk is reported. Log K-eq and log k(up) are determined at 7.0, 11.0, 18.0 and 23.0 degrees C and for stirring rates of 100, 200 and 400 rpm. From a Van 't Hoff plot of log K-eq versus T-1 the enthalpy of sorption, Delta H-0, is shown to be negative which indicates that the thermodynamic process of uptake is exothermic. The rate of stirring has no effect on log K-eq over the temperature range 7.0-23.0 degrees C. The enthalpy of activation, Delta H-0, calculated from Arrhenius plots of log k(up) versus T-1 at 100, 200 and 400 rpm show that the kinetic process of uptake is endothermic. At 100 rpm the rate of uptake is limited by the aqueous diffusion of diuron. At 200 rpm or greater the aqueous diffusion layer around the disk is sufficiently small to prevent diffusion from being a limiting factor. The method described in this paper is limited to the analysis of analytes that contain a significant UV chromophore and are relatively soluble in water, but it can also be used to investigate pH and salinity effects on the SPE of diuron from Plater. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science BN. All rights reserved

Type:Article
Title:Investigation into the effects of temperature and stirring rate on the solid-phase extraction of diuron from water using a C-18 extraction disk
Additional information:Journal Article JUL 14 334NF Green CE Univ London Univ Coll, Dept Chem, 20 Gordon St, London WC1H 0AJ, England J CHROMATOGR A
Keywords:ACTIVATION, analysis, AQUEOUS SAMPLES, CAPACITY FACTOR, CE, Diffusion, diuron, DRINKING- WATER, effects, ENVIRONMENTAL WATERS, experimental, Extraction, LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY, MICROEXTRACTION, novel, ONLINE, pesticides, pH, process, processes, RANGE, Science, solid-phase extraction, Temperature, temperature effects, TRACE ENRICHMENT, uptake, VOLATILE ORGANIC-COMPOUNDS, Water, water analysis
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry

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