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The measurement of forces exerted during colonoscopy

Appleyard, MN; Mosse, CA; Mills, TN; Bell, GD; Castillo, FD; Swain, CP; (2000) The measurement of forces exerted during colonoscopy. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy , 52 (2) pp. 237-240. 10.1067/mge.2000.107218.

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Background: The widely varying forces used at colonoscopy have not been measured. An electronic device was designed to measure the forces exerted by the clinician on the endoscope during colonoscopy. Methods: The device featured a handle designed in the shape of a hinged split cylinder that could be locked around the endoscope but readily moved up and down the insertion tube as the colonoscopy proceeded. This cylinder contained strain-gauges arranged so that the forces transmitted could be accurately measured. The device recorded the torque forces in addition to the push and pull forces exerted during diagnostic colonoscopy. Results: In a series of 21 colonoscopies in 20 patients: peak pushing force = 4.4 kg, pulling force = -1.8 kg, anticlockwise torque = 1.0 Newton meters, clockwise torque = 0.8 Newton meters. Percentage time force greater than 1 kg = 5%. Peak anal insertion force = 1.8 kg. Conclusions: These measurements represent the first accurate measurements of the forces exerted during colonoscopy. Reducing the force during colonoscopy is likely to diminish pain and reduce the risk of perforation. A knowledge of these forces may also help with the design of new instruments and models for teaching or research.

Type: Article
Title: The measurement of forces exerted during colonoscopy
DOI: 10.1067/mge.2000.107218
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/23867
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