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Gender, anxiety-depressivity and self-image among adolescents.

Kirkcaldy, B; Siefen, G; Furnham, A; (2003) Gender, anxiety-depressivity and self-image among adolescents. Eur Psychiatry , 18 (2) pp. 50-58.

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Abstract

Two groups of non- and "quasi-depressives"-the latter corresponding to high depression scorers-German adolescents were examined to determine the effect of gender and depression in predicting physical ailments, self-image and attitudes towards parents. Quasi-depressive adolescents displayed higher frequencies of physical complaints across all five subscales of the Giessen physical complaints inventory compared to the non-depressive counterparts. Females generally reported more ailments (exhaustion, gastrointestinal, circulatory, and colds) than males. In contrast to males who showed scarce difference between depressives and non-depressives, female depressives exhibited substantially higher gastrointestinal ailments than non-depressive females. Depressives emerged as displaying inferior self-images, lower paternal acceptance, and somewhat higher maternal rejection, compared to non-depressives. Female adolescents displayed lower self-image, lower paternal acceptance (but not maternal rejection/acceptance), lower mathematical competency, and higher linguistic competency, when compared to male adolescents.

Type: Article
Title: Gender, anxiety-depressivity and self-image among adolescents.
Location: France
Keywords: Adolescent, Anxiety, Depression, Female, Germany, Health Status, Humans, Male, Parents, Psychology, Adolescent, Self Concept, Sex Factors, Social Adjustment
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Div of Psychology and Lang Sciences > Clinical, Edu and Hlth Psychology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/23454
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