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Activity in three parts of the quadriceps recorded isometrically at two different knee angles and during a functional exercise.

Morrish, GM; Woledge, RC; Haddad, FS; (2003) Activity in three parts of the quadriceps recorded isometrically at two different knee angles and during a functional exercise. Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol , 43 (5) 259 - 265.

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate individual differences in three parts of the quadriceps activated isometrically at 60 degrees and 90 degrees of knee flexion, and during a functional activity involving both concentric and eccentric muscle work. Surface EMG amplitudes were therefore recorded from oblique parts of vastus medialis (VMO) and vastus lateralis (VLO) and from rectus femoris (RF). VMO and VLO showed less activation at 60 degrees than at 90 degrees, but in RF there was no difference between the two angles. In the second experiment, where 11 subjects stepped on and off a stool; these amplitudes were compared with those from a maximal isometric voluntary contraction at 90 degrees of knee flexion. For VMO & VLO the normalised peak amplitude in stepping up was 1.41 +/- 0.12, & 1.46 +/- 0.15 respectively, showing that higher activity is necessary during concentric contractions. These two results suggest that the motor control of VMO/VLO may be different from the bulk of quadriceps. Our findings have implications for patellofemoral function.

Type:Article
Title:Activity in three parts of the quadriceps recorded isometrically at two different knee angles and during a functional exercise.
Location:Belgium
Language:English
Keywords:Adult, Electromyography, Exercise, Female, Humans, Isometric Contraction, Isotonic Contraction, Knee Joint, Male, Motor Activity, Muscle, Skeletal, Range of Motion, Articular, Reaction Time, Reference Values, Thigh
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of)
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Surgery and Interventional Science (Division of)

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