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The resorption of vital and devitalized bone in vitro: significance for bone grafts.

Kingsmill, VJ; Boyde, A; Jones, SJ; (1999) The resorption of vital and devitalized bone in vitro: significance for bone grafts. Calcif Tissue Int , 64 (3) pp. 252-256.

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Abstract

Several studies have suggested that devitalized bone is less satisfactory than live tissue for surgical grafting purposes because an initial resorption step, prior to new formation, is lacking. We have compared the osteoclastic resorption of cultured bone containing living osteocytes with that of similar bone in which the osteocytes were dead. In experiment I, transverse slices cut from freshly harvested adult rabbit femora were either placed in phosphate buffered saline (Set 1) or subjected to freezing and thawing (Set 2). In experiment II, a heated set (Set 3) was prepared in addition. All slices were cultured with osteoclasts for 24 hours, eight slices per set being seeded with bone cells in experiment I and three per set in experiment II. The areas and volumes of resorption pits formed during the culture period were measured using reflection confocal microscopy. In both experiments, the mean values for the areas of the pits were smaller in the bone containing live osteocytes (P < 0.03, Mann Whitney test), and in experiment II the volumes of the pits in Set 1 were smaller than those in Set 3 (P < 0. 0001, Mann Whitney test). However, in neither experiment was there a significant difference between the Sets in the volume:area ratios (mean depths) of the pits. The findings show that devitalized bone is resorbed by osteoclasts at least as readily as bone containing vital osteocytes in vitro, and indicate that if grafted devitalized bone resorbs less well in vivo it is not because the bone tissue is intrinsically resistant to osteoclastic resorption.

Type: Article
Title: The resorption of vital and devitalized bone in vitro: significance for bone grafts.
Location: United States
Keywords: Animals, Bone Resorption, Bone Transplantation, Cell Survival, Cells, Cultured, Coculture Techniques, Coloring Agents, Cryopreservation, Femur, Freezing, Graft Survival, Hot Temperature, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Mitochondria, Osteoclasts, Osteocytes, Pyridinium Compounds, Rabbits
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/22249
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