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Distribution and colocalization of nitric oxide synthase and calretinin in myenteric neurons of developing, aging, and Crohn's disease human small intestine.

Belai, A; Burnstock, G; (1999) Distribution and colocalization of nitric oxide synthase and calretinin in myenteric neurons of developing, aging, and Crohn's disease human small intestine. Dig Dis Sci , 44 (8) pp. 1579-1587.

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Abstract

The pattern of distribution and colocalization of nitric oxide synthase and the calcium-binding protein calretinin in myenteric neurons and nerve fibers were examined in the human small intestine from preterm fetuses (14-17 weeks of gestation), normal adults (mean age 50 years old), old age (mean age 80 years old), and Crohn's disease patients (mean age 30 years old) using NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry and immunohistochemical techniques. In all age groups investigated, NADPH-diaphorase-reactive and calretinin-immunoreactive neurons and nerve fibers were seen throughout the myenteric plexus. The highest proportion of NADPH-diaphorase-reactive neurons was found in the myenteric ganglia of old age intestines (56% of protein gene product-immunoreactive neurons) followed by fetal intestines (41%) and Crohn's intestine (30%) compared with intestines of control adults (20%). A similar trend was observed for calretinin-immunoreactive neurons where the highest proportion of immunoreactive neurons was found in the myenteric ganglia of old age intestines (28% of protein gene product-immunoreactive neurons), followed by fetal intestines (22%), and Crohn's intestines (18%) compared with intestines of control adults (9%). A colocalization of NADPH-diaphorase activity and calretinin immunoreactivity was only seen in the myenteric neurons of fetal intestines (2% of NADPH-diaphorase-reactive neurons were also calretinin-immunoreactive). The pattern of distribution of NADPH-reactive and calretinin-immunoreactive neurons in the myenteric ganglia of fetal intestine differs from that of the other age groups. In the fetal intestine, the myenteric neurons containing either calretinin or NADPH-diaphorase are distributed through out the myenteric ganglia with no specific orientation to one another. In the intestines of control adult, Crohn's, and old age patients, single large calretinin-immunoreactive neurons are surrounded by a number of small NADPH-diaphorase-positive neurons, with this feature being more prominent in intestines of old-age and Crohn's disease patients. In summary, a high number of both NADPH-diaphorase-reactive and calretinin-immunoreactive neurons were seen in the myenteric ganglia of fetal, old age, and Crohn's intestines; we discuss that there may be a role for nitric oxide and calretinin in the process of development, aging, and pathological changes in the human intestine associated with alteration in the calcium homeostasis in the myenteric neurons.

Type: Article
Title: Distribution and colocalization of nitric oxide synthase and calretinin in myenteric neurons of developing, aging, and Crohn's disease human small intestine.
Location: United States
Keywords: Adult, Aged, Aging, Calbindin 2, Crohn Disease, Fetus, Humans, Intestine, Small, Middle Aged, Myenteric Plexus, Neurons, Nitric Oxide Synthase, S100 Calcium Binding Protein G, Tissue Distribution
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Div of Biosciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/22208
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