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Amplitude-integrated EEG assists in detecting cerebral dysfunction in the newborn

Shah, D.K.; (2010) Amplitude-integrated EEG assists in detecting cerebral dysfunction in the newborn. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Background: Amplitude-integrated encephalography (aEEG) in term-born encephalopathic infants has been shown to be predictive of later neurodevelopmental outcomes, but little is known about the mediating cerebral pathology. In addition, the aEEG is commonly used to monitor electrographic seizures in the newborn, an important manifestation of cerebral pathology, but there is limited data on it’s efficacy for this purpose. It’s clinical application in the preterm infant remains to be explored. Aim: The central aim of this thesis is to prove the hypothesis that the aEEG assists in detecting cerebral dysfunction in the newborn. Methods: 1) In a cohort of term-born infants with encephalopathy and/or seizures digital aEEG background measures of the lower and upper aEEG margins were related to a numeric MRI abnormality score. 2) In at-risk term newborns, the accuracy of two-channel digital aEEG monitoring was compared with continuous concurrent conventional EEG for seizure detection. 3) In preterm infants (gestation at birth < 30 weeks) aEEG measures of lower and upper margin collected in the first week of life were compared in infants with substantial cerebral abnormality to infants without. Results: 1) For all infants in the term cohort, the severity of abnormality of aEEG background was strongly related to severity of abnormality seen on cerebral MRI. 2) Using the aEEG pattern with the raw EEG signal, 76% of electrographic seizures were correctly identified in the term infants. 3) In the preterm cohort, the lower and upper aEEG amplitude margins increased significantly during the first week of life. In the presence of substantial cerebral abnormality, these margins were significantly depressed. Seizures were noted in the smaller and sicker, infants. Conclusion: The central hypothesis of this thesis, that the aEEG assists in detecting cerebral dysfunction in the newborn was proved.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Amplitude-integrated EEG assists in detecting cerebral dysfunction in the newborn
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute for Women's Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/20473
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