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Energy efficient data collection and dissemination protocols in self-organised wireless sensor networks

Edordu, C.J.; (2010) Energy efficient data collection and dissemination protocols in self-organised wireless sensor networks. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are used for event detection and data collection in a plethora of environmental monitoring applications. However a critical factor limits the extension of WSNs into new application areas: energy constraints. This thesis develops self-organising energy efficient data collection and dissemination protocols in order to support WSNs in event detection and data collection and thus extend the use of sensor-based networks to many new application areas. Firstly, a Dual Prediction and Probabilistic Scheduler (DPPS) is developed. DPPS uses a Dual Prediction Scheme combining compression and load balancing techniques in order to manage sensor usage more efficiently. DPPS was tested and evaluated through computer simulations and empirical experiments. Results showed that DPPS reduces energy consumption in WSNs by up to 35% while simultaneously maintaining data quality and satisfying a user specified accuracy constraint. Secondly, an Adaptive Detection-driven Ad hoc Medium Access Control (ADAMAC) protocol is developed. ADAMAC limits the Data Forwarding Interruption problem which causes increased end-to-end delay and energy consumption in multi-hop sensor networks. ADAMAC uses early warning alarms to dynamically adapt the sensing intervals and communication periods of a sensor according to the likelihood of any new events occurring. Results demonstrated that compared to previous protocols such as SMAC, ADAMAC dramatically reduces end-to-end delay while still limiting energy consumption during data collection and dissemination. The protocols developed in this thesis, DPPS and ADAMAC, effectively alleviate the energy constraints associated with WSNs and will support the extension of sensorbased networks to many more application areas than had hitherto been readily possible.

Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Title: Energy efficient data collection and dissemination protocols in self-organised wireless sensor networks
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language: English
UCL classification: UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Electronic and Electrical Engineering
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/20451
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