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Der Vorwelt Räthsel und die moderne Nation

Sommer, U; (2009) Der Vorwelt Räthsel und die moderne Nation. In: Grunwald, S and Koch, J and Mölders, D and Sommer, U and Wolfram, S, (eds.) Artefact. Festschrift für Sabine Rieckhoff zum 65. Geburtstag. (215 - 230). Verlag Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH: Bonn, Germany. Green open access

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Abstract

Starting with Paul Henri Mallets "History of Denmark" of 1755, this contribution analyses the construction of European national prehistories from the late Enlightenment to the middle of the 19th century. Mallet, as Cluverus and Pelloutier before him presented the Celts as the ancestors of most European nations. His English translator, Bishop Thomas Percy, saw reason to correct him and already in 1770 tried to separate Celts, Teutonic people and Sarmatians by language, customs, laws and religion. After 1800, and under the influence of linguistic research, several waves of consecutive immigrations from the East were seen as causing a horizontal stratigraphy of peoples across the whole of Europe. An increasingly nationalist climate made shared ancestors increasingly suspect. Ludwig Lindenschmit can be identified as one of the founders of a germanocentric German prehistory that contained antisemitic and racist elements from 1848 onwards.

Type: Book chapter
Title: Der Vorwelt Räthsel und die moderne Nation
ISBN-13: 9783774936331
Open access status: An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Publisher version: http://www.habelt.de/index.php?id=22
Language: German
Additional information: Full text made available here by permission from the publisher. It may not be used for any other purpose without prior written permission from the author and from the original publisher, Verlag Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH.
Keywords: Celts, History of Archaeology, Nationalism, Linguistics, Germans myth of origin
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology > Institute of Archaeology Gordon Square
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/19464
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