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Efficacy of a novel PEGylated humanized anti-TNF fragment (CDP870) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a phase II double-blinded, randomized, dose-escalating trial

Choy, EHS; Hazleman, B; Smith, M; Moss, K; Lisi, L; Scott, DGI; Patel, J; ... Isenberg, DA; + view all (2002) Efficacy of a novel PEGylated humanized anti-TNF fragment (CDP870) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a phase II double-blinded, randomized, dose-escalating trial. RHEUMATOLOGY , 41 (10) 1133 - 1137.

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Abstract

Objective. Biological products that neutralize tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) are beneficial in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We studied the effects of CDP870, a novel anti-TNF-alpha antibody fragment modified to obtain a prolonged plasma half-life (similar to 14 days).Methods. Thirty-six patients were randomized in a double-blind, ascending-dose group study to a single intravenous infusion of placebo (n = 12) or 1, 5 or 20 mg/kg CDP870 (each n = 8). The patients were predominantly female (30/36), had a mean age of 56 yr and a mean duration of RA of 13 years. They,had received a mean of five DMARDs or experimental therapies (with 1 month washout before the study started) and had active disease. Continuation of NSAIDs and up to 7.5 mg prednisolone daily was allowed. Following the blinded dosing period, 32 patients received a single open-label infusion of either 5 or 20 mg/kg CDP870.Results. In the blinded dosing period, 6/12 placebo patients withdrew from the study (for deteriorating RA less than or equal to 4 weeks after dosing). Two of 24 CDP870-treated patients withdrew, both in the I mg/kg group (for deteriorating RA or lost to follow up >4 weeks after dosing). The proportion of patients with ACR20 improvement for the per-protocol population with the last observation carried forward was 16.7, 50, 87.5 and 62.5% after 0, 1, 5 and 20 mg/kg CDP870 respectively (combined treatment effect, P = 0.012, primary analysis) at 4 weeks and 16.7, 25, 75 and 75% (P = 0.032) at 8 weeks. The proportion of patients with ACR50 improvement for the per-protocol population with the last observation carried forward was 0, 12.5, 12.5 and 50% after 0, 1, 5 and 20 mg/kg CDP870 respectively (combined treatment effect, P = 0.079) at 4 weeks and 0, 12.5, 12.5 and 50% (P = 0.079) at 8 weeks. Following the open-label dose of CDP870, similar beneficial effects were achieved.Conclusion. CDP870 is effective, was very well tolerated in this small study, and has an extended duration of action following one or more intravenous doses.

Type: Article
Title: Efficacy of a novel PEGylated humanized anti-TNF fragment (CDP870) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a phase II double-blinded, randomized, dose-escalating trial
Keywords: rheumatoid arthritis, immunotherapy, biologicals, monoclonal antibodies, tumour necrosis factor, polyethylene glycol, TUMOR-NECROSIS-FACTOR, MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODY, DISEASE-ACTIVITY, ALPHA, COLLAGEN, THERAPY, PLACEBO
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Medicine > Inflammation
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/192297
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