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Reduction in wound infection rates by wound surveillance with postdischarge follow-up and feedback

Wilson, APR; Hodgson, B; Liu, M; Plummer, D; Taylor, I; Roberts, J; Jit, M; (2006) Reduction in wound infection rates by wound surveillance with postdischarge follow-up and feedback. BRIT J SURG , 93 (5) 630 - 638. 10.1002/bjs.5303.

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Abstract

Background: Surgical wound surveillance with postdischarge follow-up is rarely done in the UK as it is seen as expensive. The aim of this study was to determine whether employing a dedicated team was effective and reduced costs.Methods., Infection data were collected prospectively with postdischarge follow-up at 2-3 months, and fed back to surgeons. Wound infection was defined using both ASEPSIS wound scoring and criteria of the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) definitions.Results: Over 4 years, 15 548 patient episodes were included. Postdischarge surveillance data were available for 79.9 percent of the 15 154 records of patients who survived. There was a significant reduction in the rate of wound infection between the first and fourth years by ASEPSIS and CDC definitions: odds ratio 0.77 (95 per cent confidence interval (c.i.) 0.64 to 0.92) and 0.69 (95 per cent c.i. 0.57 to 0.83), respectively. The proportion of infections fell significantly in orthopaedic, cardiac and thoracic surgery. The annual budget for wound surveillance was 91600 pound. Changes in infection rates contributed 347491 pound to the reduction in cost among the patients surveyed.Conclusion: Wound surveillance was associated with a reduction in rates of wound infection within 4 years. The cost reduction as a result of fewer infections exceeded the cost of surveillance after 2 years.

Type: Article
Title: Reduction in wound infection rates by wound surveillance with postdischarge follow-up and feedback
DOI: 10.1002/bjs.5303
Keywords: SURGICAL SITE INFECTION, SCORING METHOD, NOSOCOMIAL INFECTIONS, UNITED-STATES, DEFINITIONS, ASEPSIS, SYSTEM
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Infection and Immunity
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Div of Surgery and Interventional Sci > Department of Targeted Intervention
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Mathematics
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Mathematics > Clinical Operational Research Unit
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/192279
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