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Fuzzy nonparametric DTI segmentation for robust cingulum-tract extraction.

Awate, SP; Zhang, H; Gee, JC; (2007) Fuzzy nonparametric DTI segmentation for robust cingulum-tract extraction. In: UNSPECIFIED (294 - 301).

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Abstract

This paper presents a novel segmentation-based approach for fiber-tract extraction in diffusion-tensor (DT) images. Typical tractography methods, incorporating thresholds on fractional anisotropy and fiber curvature to terminate tracking, can face serious problems arising from partial voluming and noise. For these reasons, tractography often fails to extract thin tracts with sharp changes in orientation, e.g. the cingulum. Unlike tractography--which disregards the information in the tensors that were previously tracked--the proposed method extracts the cingulum by exploiting the statistical coherence of tensors in the entire structure. Moreover, the proposed segmentation-based method allows fuzzy class memberships to optimally extract information within partial-volumed voxels. Unlike typical fuzzy-segmentation schemes employing Gaussian models that are biased towards ellipsoidal clusters, the proposed method models the manifolds underlying the classes by incorporating nonparametric data-driven statistical models. Furthermore, it exploits the nonparametric model to capture the spatial continuity and structure of the fiber bundle. The results on real DT images demonstrate that the proposed method extracts the cingulum bundle significantly more accurately as compared to tractography.

Type:Book chapter
Title:Fuzzy nonparametric DTI segmentation for robust cingulum-tract extraction.
Keywords:Algorithms, Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Fuzzy Logic, Gyrus Cinguli, Humans, Image Enhancement, Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted, Imaging, Three-Dimensional, Nerve Fibers, Myelinated, Neural Pathways, Pattern Recognition, Automated, Reproducibility of Results, Sensitivity and Specificity
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Computer Science

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