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Quantification of non-transferrin-bound iron in the presence of unsaturated transferrin

Gosriwatana, I; Loreal, O; Lu, S; Brissot, P; Porter, J; Hider, RC; (1999) Quantification of non-transferrin-bound iron in the presence of unsaturated transferrin. ANAL BIOCHEM , 273 (2) 212 - 220.

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Abstract

Non-transferrin-bound iron (NTBI) has been reported to be associated with several clinical states such as thalassemia, hemochromatosis, and in patients receiving chemotherapy. We have investigated a number of ligands as potential alternatives to nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) to capture NTBI without chelating transferrin- or ferritin-bound iron in plasma. We have established, however, that NTA is the optimal ligand to chelate the different forms of NTBI present in sera and can be adopted for utilization in the NTBI assay. NTA (80 mM) removes all forms of NTBI, while only mobilizing a small fraction of the iron bound to both transferrin and ferritin. me have compared three different detection systems for the quantification of NTA-chelated NTBI: the established HPLC-based method, a simple colorimetric method, and a method based on inductive conductiometric plasma spectroscopy. The sensitivity and reproductibility of the colorimetric method were acceptable compared with the other two methods and would be more convenient as a routine laboratory screening assay for NTBI. However, the limitations of this method are such that it can only be utilized in situations where desferrioxamine is not used and when transferrin saturation levels are close to 100%. Only the RPLC-based method is applicable for patients receiving (desferrioxamine) chelation therapy. In some diseases such as hemochromatosis, transferrin may be incompletely saturated. In such cases, to avoid in vitro donation of iron onto the vacant sites of transferrin, sodium-tris-carbonato-cobaltate(III) can be added to block the free iron binding sites on transferrin. If this step is not taken, there may be an underestimation of NTBI values. (C) 1999 Academic Press.

Type: Article
Title: Quantification of non-transferrin-bound iron in the presence of unsaturated transferrin
Keywords: HUMAN-SERUM TRANSFERRIN, NITRILOTRIS(METHYLENEPHOSPHONIC ACID), IDIOPATHIC HEMOCHROMATOSIS, NITRILOTRIACETIC ACID, PLASMA, REMOVAL, BINDING, QUANTITATION, KINETICS, THERAPY
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Cancer Institute > Research Department of Haematology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/191772
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