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Dirty-paper trellis codes for watermarking

Miller, ML; Doërr, GJ; Cox, IJ; (2002) Dirty-paper trellis codes for watermarking. In:

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Informed coding is the practice of representing watermark messages with patterns that are dependent on the cover Works. This requires the use of a dirty-paper code, in which each message is represented by a large number of alternative vectors. Most previous dirty-paper codes are based on lattice codes, in which each code vector, or pattern, is a point in a regular lattice. While such codes are very efficient to implement, they suffer from inherent weakness against valumetric scaling, such as changes in audio volume or image brightness. In the present paper, we present an alternative to lattice codes that is inherently robust to valumetric scaling. This code is based on a trellis that has been modified so that each bit value may be coded by traversing several alternative arcs. A Viterbi decoder is used in the detector to identify the path with the highest correlation to the input Work. Since relative correlation values are unaffected by valumetric scaling, the same message will be detected no matter how the input has been scaled.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: Dirty-paper trellis codes for watermarking
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/191125
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