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Modelling the response of a tungsten oxide semiconductor as a gas sensor for the measurement of ozone

Williams, DE; Aliwell, SR; Pratt, KFE; Caruana, DJ; Jones, RL; Cox, RA; ... Halsall, J; + view all (2002) Modelling the response of a tungsten oxide semiconductor as a gas sensor for the measurement of ozone. MEAS SCI TECHNOL , 13 (6) 923 - 931.

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Abstract

The behaviour of gas-sensitive resistors based on WO3 towards small concentrations of ozone in air can be understood with a simple model involving the reaction of ozone with surface oxygen vacancies. This model has been validated by comparison with experimental results for the effects of varying oxygen partial pressure on the ozone response. A complete description of the behaviour of devices constructed by printing WO3 as porous layers onto an impermeable substrate requires consideration of the effects of the microstructure of such a device upon its response. A very simple series-parallel equivalent circuit model captures the effects and allows a simple interpretation of the sensor behaviour, including the quadratic limiting steady state resistance response to ozone and the effects of variation of device thickness. An important fact that allows WO3 to be used at rather high temperatures as an effective ozone sensor is that ozone does not decompose at any discernible rate on the oxide surface. Saturation of the oxide surface at ambient temperature with water vapour inhibits the ozone response when the sensor is subsequently heated. The effect can be removed by heating at sufficiently high temperature. Water vapour also gives a high-temperature sensor response, but appears to act at sites different to those that mediate the response to ozone.

Type:Article
Title:Modelling the response of a tungsten oxide semiconductor as a gas sensor for the measurement of ozone
Keywords:ozone concentration, semiconducting oxide sensor, environmental monitoring, SENSITIVE RESISTORS, TIN DIOXIDE, SURFACE
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry

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