Oxygen dependency of cerebral oxidative phosphorylation in newborn piglets.
J Cereb Blood Flow Metab
280 - 289.
Changes in hemoglobin oxygenation and oxidation state of the CuA centre of cytochrome oxidase were measured with full spectral near infrared spectroscopy simultaneously with phosphorus metabolites using nuclear magnetic resonance 31P spectroscopy at high time resolution (10 seconds) during transient anoxia (FiO2 = 0.0 for 105 seconds) in the newborn piglet brain. During the onset of anoxia, there was no change in either phosphocreatine (PCr) concentration or the oxidation state of the CuA centre of cytochrome oxidase until there was a substantial fall in cerebral hemoglobin oxygenation, at which point the CuA centre reduced simultaneously with the decline in PCr. At a later time during the anoxia, intracellular pH decreased rapidly, consistent with a fall in cerebral metabolic rate for O2 and reduced flux through the tricarboxylic acid cycle. The simultaneous reduction of CuA and decline in PCr can be explained in terms of the effects of the falling mitochondrial electrochemical potential. From these observations, it is concluded that, at normoxia, oxidative phosphorylation and the oxidation state of the components of the electron transport chain are independent of cerebral oxygenation and that the reduction in the CuA signal occurs when oxygen tension limits the capacity of oxidative phosphorylation to maintain the phosphorylation potential.
|Title:||Oxygen dependency of cerebral oxidative phosphorylation in newborn piglets.|
|Keywords:||Animals, Animals, Newborn, Brain, Cerebrovascular Circulation, Citric Acid Cycle, Electron Transport Complex IV, Hypoxia, Brain, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Oxidative Phosphorylation, Oxygen, Oxyhemoglobins, Phosphorus Radioisotopes, Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared, Swine|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Medical Physics and Bioengineering|
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