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Prospective controlled study of psychiatric out-patient non-attendance - Characteristics and outcome

Killaspy, H; Banerjee, S; King, M; Lloyd, M; (2000) Prospective controlled study of psychiatric out-patient non-attendance - Characteristics and outcome. BRIT J PSYCHIAT , 176 160 - 165.

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Abstract

Background Psychiatric clinics have high non-attendance rates and failure to attend may be a sign or deteriorating mental health.Aims To investigate why psychiatric out-patients rail to attend, and the outcome of attenders and non-attenders.Method Prospective cohort study of randomly selected attenders and nonattenders at general adult psychiatric out-patient clinics. Subjects were interviewed at recruitment and severity of mental disorder and degree of social adjustment were measured. Six and 12 months later their engagement with the clinic and any psychiatric admissions were ascertained.Results Of the 365 patients included in the study, 30 were untraceable and 22.4 consented to participate. Follow-up patients were more psychiatrically unwell than new patients. For follow-up patients, non-attenders had lower social functioning and more severe mental disorder than those who attended. At 12-month follow-up patients who missed their appointment were more likely to have been admitted than those who attended.Conclusions Those who miss psychiatric follow-up out-patient appointments are more unwell and more poorly socially functioning than those who attend. They have a greater chance of drop - out from clinic contact and subsequent admission.Declaration of interest Funding from the NHS Executive.

Type:Article
Title:Prospective controlled study of psychiatric out-patient non-attendance - Characteristics and outcome
Keywords:OUTPATIENT CLINICS
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Division of Psychiatry

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