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Treatment of mouse oocytes with PI-PLC releases 70-kDa (pI 5) and 35- to 45-kDa (pI 5.5) protein clusters from the egg surface and inhibits sperm-oolemma binding and fusion

Coonrod, SA; Naaby-Hansen, S; Shetty, J; Shibahara, H; Chen, M; White, JM; Herr, JC; (1999) Treatment of mouse oocytes with PI-PLC releases 70-kDa (pI 5) and 35- to 45-kDa (pI 5.5) protein clusters from the egg surface and inhibits sperm-oolemma binding and fusion. Developmental Biology , 207 (2) 334 - 349.

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Abstract

The effect of phosphatidyinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) on mouse sperm-egg interaction was investigated in this study to determine if glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins are involved in mammalian fertilization. When both sperm and zona-intact oocytes were pretreated with a highly purified preparation of PI-PLC and coincubated, there was no significant effect on sperm-zona pellucida binding; however, fertilization was reduced from 59.6% (control group) to 2.8% (treatment group). A similar reduction in fertilization rates was found when zona-intact oocytes were treated with PI-PLC and washed prior to incubation with untreated sperm. The effect of PI-PLC on sperm binding and fusion with zona-free oocytes was then investigated. Treatment of sperm with PI-PLC had no significant effect on sperm-egg binding or fusion. However, treatment of eggs with PI-PLC significantly reduced sperm-egg binding and fusion from 6.2 bound and 2.1 fused sperm per egg in the control group to 2.1 bound and 0.02 fused sperm per egg in the treatment group. This decrease in sperm-egg binding and fusion depended on the dose of PI-PLC employed, with a maximal inhibitory effect on binding and fusion at 5 and 1 U/ml, respectively. PI-PLC- treated oocytes could be artificially activated by calcium ionophore, demonstrating that the oocytes were functionally viable following treatment. Furthermore, treatment of oocytes with PI-PLC did not reduce the immunoreactivity of the non-GPI-anchored egg surface integrin, alpha6beta1. Taken together, these observations support the hypothesis that PI-PLC affects fertilization by specifically releasing GPI- anchored proteins from the oolemma. In order to identify the oolemmal GPI-anchored proteins involved in fertilization, egg surface proteins were labeled with sulfo-NHS biotin, treated with PI-PLC, and analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by avidin blotting. A prominent high-molecular-weight protein cluster (approximately 70 kDa, pI 5) and a lower molecular weight (approximately 35-45 kDa, pI 5.5) protein cluster were released from the oolemmal surface as a result of PI-PLC treatment. It is likely that these GPI-anchored egg surface proteins are required for sperm-egg binding and fusion. Copyright 1999 Academic Press

Type:Article
Title:Treatment of mouse oocytes with PI-PLC releases 70-kDa (pI 5) and 35- to 45-kDa (pI 5.5) protein clusters from the egg surface and inhibits sperm-oolemma binding and fusion
Additional information:UI - 99169065 LA - Eng RN - EC 3.1.4.10 (1-phosphatidylinositol phosphodiesterase) RN - EC 3.1.4.3 (Phospholipase C) RN - 0 (integrin alpha6beta1) RN - 0 (Glycosylphosphatidylinositols) RN -0 (Integrins) RN - 0 (Membrane Glycoproteins) RN - 52665-69-7 (Calcimycin) RN - 7440-70-2 (Calcium) PT - JOURNAL ARTICLE ID -U54 HD 29099/HD/NICHD ID - P30-28934 ID - P32-DK07642/DK/NIDDK DA - 19990503 IS - 0012-1606 SB - M SB - X CY - UNITED STATES JC -E7T AA - Author EM - 199907
Keywords:mouse, oocytes, release, Proteins, egg, 1 phosphatidylinositol phosphodiesterase, Phospholipase C, Membrane Glycoproteins, Glycoproteins, Calcium, United States, Animal, Biotin, Biotinylation, Calcimycin, Cell Adhesion, drug effects, Female, fertilization, glycoprotein, Glycosylphosphatidylinositols, immunology, In Vitro, integrin alpha6beta1, Integrins, Male, mammalian, Meiosis, Membrane Fusion, metabolism, Mice, Molecular Weight, pharmacology, physiology, Spermatozoa, Support, U.S.Gov't, P.H.S., Zona Pellucida, sperm, control, eggs, DIDS
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of)

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