van Deventer, SJ;
van Deventer, SJ;
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Multiple signal transduction pathways regulate TNF-induced actin reorganization in macrophages: inhibition of Cdc42-mediated filopodium formation by TNF.
TNF is known to regulate macrophage (Mphi) migration, but the signaling pathways mediating this response have not been established. Here we report that stimulation of the 55-kDa TNF receptor (TNFR-1) induced an overall decrease in filamentous actin (F-actin), inhibited CSF-1- and Cdc42-dependent filopodium formation, and stimulated macropinocytosis. Using a panel of TNFR-1 mutants, the regions of the receptor required for each of these responses were mapped. The decrease in F-actin required both the death domain and the membrane proximal part of the receptor, whereas inhibition of filopodium formation and increased pinocytosis were only dependent upon a functional death domain. When the TNF-induced decrease in F-actin was inhibited using either receptor mutants or the compound D609, TNF-stimulated actin reorganization at the cell cortex became apparent. This activity was dependent upon the FAN-binding region of TNFR-1. We conclude that different domains of TNFR-1 mediate distinct changes in the Mphi cytoskeleton, and that the ability of TNF to inhibit Mphi chemotaxis may be due to decreased filopodium formation downstream of Cdc42.
|Title:||Multiple signal transduction pathways regulate TNF-induced actin reorganization in macrophages: inhibition of Cdc42-mediated filopodium formation by TNF.|
|Keywords:||Actins, Animals, Antigens, CD, Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases, Cell Cycle Proteins, Cell Membrane, Cell Migration Inhibition, Cells, Cultured, GTP-Binding Proteins, Leukemia P388, Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor, Macrophages, Mice, Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases, Peptide Fragments, Pinocytosis, Pseudopodia, Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I, Signal Transduction, Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha, cdc42 GTP-Binding Protein, p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
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