Effect of pH on myofilament Ca(2+)-sensitivity in alpha-toxin permeabilized guinea pig detrusor muscle.
PURPOSE: To ascertain if the inotropic effects of altered intracellular pH on detrusor smooth muscle could be explained by a change in Ca(2+)-sensitivity of the contractile proteins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Guinea pig detrusor smooth muscle was permeabilized with alpha-toxin and exposed to solutions mimicking the composition of the intracellular compartment and of varying [Ca2+]. Isometric tension was measured during exposure to solutions of varying [Ca2+] at pH 6.3, 7.1 and 7.5. RESULTS: At pH 7.1 the pCa (-log10[Ca2+]) required for half-maximal activation (pCa50) was 6.00 +/- 0.07 at 22C. A Hill coefficient of unity suggested lack of cooperativity in myofilament Ca2+ activation. A decrease of pH from 7.1 to 6.3 had no significant effect on the pCa50 value or the maximum Ca2+ activated force. An increase to pH 7.5 decreased the pCa50 value by 0.65 +/- 0.20 units but left maximum force unaffected. CONCLUSIONS: The reduced Ca2+ sensitivity of detrusor myofilaments at alkaline pH could partly explain the negative inotropic effect of intracellular alkalosis in intact muscle. The positive inotropic effect of intracellular acidosis cannot, however, be explained by alteration to myofilament Ca2+ sensitivity.
|Title:||Effect of pH on myofilament Ca(2+)-sensitivity in alpha-toxin permeabilized guinea pig detrusor muscle.|
|Keywords:||Actin Cytoskeleton, Animals, Calcium, Guinea Pigs, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Muscle, Smooth, Type C Phospholipases, Urinary Bladder|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
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