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Evaluating cytochrome c diffusion in the intermembrane spaces of mitochondria during cytochrome c release.

Gillick, K; Crompton, M; (2008) Evaluating cytochrome c diffusion in the intermembrane spaces of mitochondria during cytochrome c release. J Cell Sci , 121 (Pt 5) 618 - 626. 10.1242/jcs.021303.

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Abstract

Truncated Bid (tBid) releases cytochrome c from mitochondria by inducing Bak (and Bax) pore formation in the outer membrane. An important issue is whether a second tBid action, independent of Bak and Bax, is also required to enhance cytochrome c mobility in the intermembrane spaces. To investigate this, we developed a kinetic analysis enabling changes in the diffusibility of cytochrome c in the intermembrane spaces of isolated mitochondria to be differentiated from changes resulting from Bak activation. Cytochrome c diffusibility in the intermembrane spaces was unaffected by changes in [tBid] over the range 0.5-19.0 pmol per mg of mitochondrial protein, when tBid-dependent Bak activation was increased several-thousand fold. However, high [tBid] (100 pmol mg(-1)) did increase diffusibility by approximately twofold. This was attributable to the permeability transition. Basal cytochrome c diffusibility in the intermembrane spaces in the absence of tBid was determined to be approximately 0.2 minute(-1), which is sufficient to support cytochrome c release with a half-time of 3.4 minutes. It is concluded that tBid has a monofunctional action at low concentrations and, more generally, that the basal cytochrome c diffusibility in the intermembrane spaces is adequate for rapid and complete cytochrome c release irrespective of the mode of outer membrane permeabilisation.

Type:Article
Title:Evaluating cytochrome c diffusion in the intermembrane spaces of mitochondria during cytochrome c release.
Location:England
DOI:10.1242/jcs.021303
Language:English
Additional information:PMCID: PMC2316949
Keywords:Animals, Apoptosis, BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein, Cell Membrane Permeability, Cytochromes c, Diffusion, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Enzyme Activation, Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial, Mitochondrial Membranes, Protein Conformation, Rats, bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of)

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