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Locating invisible cultural heritage sites in agricultural fields. Evaluation of methods for satellite monitoring of cultural heritage sites – results 2003

Grøn, O; Aurdal, L; Christensen, F; Tømmervik, H; Loska, A; (2004) Locating invisible cultural heritage sites in agricultural fields. Evaluation of methods for satellite monitoring of cultural heritage sites – results 2003. [Book]. The Norwegian Directorate for Cultural Heritage.: Oslo.

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Abstract

The increasingly intensive use and modification of the landscape as a result of modern demands for efficient infrastructure and land use (agricultural production, mining, energy sources, leisure/tourism facilities) exerts growing pressure on areas and sites associated with our cultural heritage. The use of modern support technologies is imperative, if such rapid changes are to be balanced against the sustainable management of this resource. At present, cultural heritage legislation and management is based on expensive and technologically conservative methods of field survey which underpin regional and national registers of cultural heritage sites. These registers are flawed and contain not only a biased sample of sites in respect to period and region, but also include only a tiny fraction of the total population of all sites which should be included in management strategies. This lack of reliable data not only hampers realistic forecasting, but also causes costly delays and introduces unnecessary conflicts. This project directly addresses these issues by initiating the development of a basis for a sustainable, up-to-date and cost-efficient decision-support methodology which relies upon satellite remote-sensing, mapping and monitoring of cultural heritage sites. A central methodological element is the development of high-resolution empirical ground data, which facilitate fast and cost-efficient identification of potential cultural heritage anomalies identified in the multispectral data. Results obtained in the 2001-2002 pilot project indicated the existence of a correlation between cultural heritage sites and variation in the chemical elements in the soil. One central focus of the 2003-project module was to test the possibilities for establishing a concrete correspondence between the observed anomalies interpreted as possible cultural heritage sites and high-resolution field data to support a distinction between the anomalies that represent cultural heritage sites and those that represent geological phenomena, modern disturbances, etc. The results demonstrate that high-resolution geo-chemical sampling appears to be a promising field for the development of cultural heritage indicators.

Type: Book
Title: Locating invisible cultural heritage sites in agricultural fields. Evaluation of methods for satellite monitoring of cultural heritage sites – results 2003
ISBN: 82-7574-033-9
Keywords: Monitoring, satellite, multi-spectral, cultural heritage, cultural landscape
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL SLASH > Faculty of SandHS > Institute of Archaeology
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/182073
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