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Influence of GB virus C viraemia on the clinical, virological and histological features of early hepatitis C-related hepatic disease

Manolakopoulos, S; Morris, A; Davies, S; Brown, D; Hajat, S; Dusheiko, G; (1998) Influence of GB virus C viraemia on the clinical, virological and histological features of early hepatitis C-related hepatic disease. J HEPATOL , 28 (2) 173 - 178.

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Abstract

Background / Aims: GB virus C is a newly described RNA virus, The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of GB virus C infection in patients with chronic type C hepatitis and to examine the clinical, virological and histological features in hepatitis C and GB virus C co-infected patients.Methods / Results: One hundred and sixty patients with hepatitis C infection were studied, GBV-C RNA was detected in 33/160 (20.6%) patients; co-infected patients with hepatitis C and GB virus C infection were significantly younger (p=0.04), No difference was found between the two groups according to gender and biochemical parameters, Seventy-two of the 160 patients, for whom a liver tissue specimen taken simultaneously with the serum was available and who had compensated liver disease, were studied separately, The source of infection, duration of infection, HCV genotype and HCV RNA concentrations did not differ between 15/72 patients with dual infection and 57/72 with hepatitis C infection alone, Patients with co-infection had significantly higher degrees of portal and periportal inflammation (p=0.0006 and 0.01, respectively), No difference was observed in parenchymal activity score or extent of fibrosis.Conclusions: These results indicate a relatively high prevalence of GB virus C infection in younger patients with chronic hepatitis C, suggesting a common route of transmission, Although GB virus C co-infection does not alter the biochemical and virological profile of patients with HCV hepatitis, there is an association between GB virus C and hepatitis C viraemia and portal and periportal inflammation.

Type:Article
Title:Influence of GB virus C viraemia on the clinical, virological and histological features of early hepatitis C-related hepatic disease
Keywords:chronic hepatitis, GB virus C, hepatitis C virus, RT-PCR, viral infection, NON-B-HEPATITIS, NON-A, UNITED-STATES, NATURAL-HISTORY, INFECTION, CLASSIFICATION, ASSOCIATION, RECIPIENTS, ANTIBODY
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care > Primary Care and Population Health

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