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Best research – For what? Best health – For whom? A critical exploration of primary care research using discourse analysis

Shaw, SE; Greenhalgh, T; (2008) Best research – For what? Best health – For whom? A critical exploration of primary care research using discourse analysis. Social Science and Medicine , 66 (12) pp. 2506-2519. 10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.02.014.

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Abstract

Health research is fundamental to the development of improved health and healthcare. Despite its importance, and the role of policy in guiding the kind of research that gets addressed, there are very few empirical studies of health research policy. This paper redresses this, exploring the means by which one area of health research policy is shaped, enabled and constrained. We ask: what are the historical, social and political origins of research policy in primary care in England? What are the key discourses that have dominated debate; and what are the tensions between discourses and the implications this raises for practitioners and policymakers? To answer these questions we employed a Foucauldian approach to discourse analysis to explicitly recognise the historical, social and ideological origins of policy texts; and the role of power and knowledge in policy development. We adapted Parker's framework for distinguishing discourses as a means of selecting and analysing 29 key policy documents; 16 narrative interviews with historical and contemporary policy stakeholders; and additional contextual documents. Our analysis involved detailed deconstruction and linking across texts to reveal prevailing storylines, ideologies, power relations, and tensions. Findings show how powerful policy discourses shaped by historical and social forces influence the type of research undertaken, by whom and how. For instance, recent policy has been shaped by discourse associated with the knowledge-based economy that emphasises microscopic 'discovery', exploitation of information and the contribution of highly technological activities to 'UK plc' and has re-positioned primary care research as a strategic resource and 'population laboratory' for clinical research. Such insights challenge apolitical accounts of health research and reveal how health research serves particular interests

Type: Article
Title: Best research – For what? Best health – For whom? A critical exploration of primary care research using discourse analysis
DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.02.014
Additional information: DA - 20080401 IS - 0277-9536 (Print) LA - ENG PT - JOURNAL ARTICLE
Keywords: analysis, clinical, discourse, documents, England, framework, Health, healthcare, information, Interviews, Knowledge, London, narrative, paper, population, power, primary care, Research, Science, UK, Universities
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > UCL Medical School
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/178803
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