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Investigation of MGF mRNA expression in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis using parallel in vivo and in vitro approaches.

Evans, RM; Harridge, SD; Velloso, CP; Yang, SY; Goldspink, G; Orrell, RW; (2010) Investigation of MGF mRNA expression in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis using parallel in vivo and in vitro approaches. Amyotroph Lateral Scler , 11 (1-2) 172 - 177. 10.3109/17482960903089775.

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Abstract

In an animal model of ALS, intramuscular administration of MGF, the IGF-I Ec gene splice variant, improved muscle strength and increased both motor unit and motor neuron survival. Here we investigated whether there is a deficit in MGF production in the muscles of patients with ALS. We used complementary in vivo and in vitro techniques to study the IGF-I splice variant response of human muscle to exercise or mechanical stretch. We assessed the levels of MGF and IGF-IEa mRNA in muscle biopsy samples from healthy subjects and patients with ALS, before and after exercise. We used primary muscle cells to build three-dimensional collagen constructs and subjected them to a ramp stretch. Patients with ALS had similar baseline levels of MGF and IGF-IEa mRNA to healthy controls. No up-regulation was seen in either group within a short time of a single bout of low intensity exercise. Three-dimensional human muscle constructs also detected no response to a mechanical stretch from either control subjects or ALS. We conclude that the pathology of ALS does not include a deficit in baseline levels of MGF and IGF-IEa mRNA splice variants in muscle.

Type:Article
Title:Investigation of MGF mRNA expression in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis using parallel in vivo and in vitro approaches.
Location:England
DOI:10.3109/17482960903089775
Language:English
Keywords:Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Alternative Splicing, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Biopsy, Exercise, Female, Humans, Insulin-Like Growth Factor I, Male, Middle Aged, Motor Neurons, Muscle, Skeletal, Myoblasts, Peptides, RNA, Messenger, Young Adult
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Institute of Neurology > Clinical Neuroscience
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Surgery and Interventional Science (Division of)

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