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Auditory and verbal working memory deficits in a child with congenital aniridia due to a PAX6 mutation

Bamiou, DE; Campbell, NG; Musiek, FE; Taylor, R; Chong, WK; Moore, A; van Heyningen, V; ... Luxon, LM; + view all (2007) Auditory and verbal working memory deficits in a child with congenital aniridia due to a PAX6 mutation. INT J AUDIOL , 46 (4) 196 - 202. 10.1080/14992020601175952.

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Abstract

PAX6 encodes a transcriptional regulator that is essential for brain morphogenesis. Heterozygous PAX6 mutation is associated with aniridia and abnormalities of the interhemispheric pathway in humans. We present the case of a 12 year old boy with a known mutation of the PAX6 gene. There were parental concerns regarding his hearing, but repeated pure-tone audiograms were normal. He had a battery of standard central auditory tests, which gave abnormal results in tests which required auditory interhemispheric transfer (dichotic digits and pattern tests). A speech and language assessment, which yielded age-appropriate scores for speech, receptive and expressive language, revealed impaired verbal working memory. These test results were interpreted as indicating impaired auditory sensory and higher order interhemispheric transfer, consistent with reported findings in adults w ith mutations in PAX6, and correlated with his parent-reported hearing difficulties. This is the first report of central auditory and verbal working memory deficits in a child with a PAX6 mutation. Further research is needed to assess how these deficits impact on academic performance particularly in childhood.

Type: Article
Title: Auditory and verbal working memory deficits in a child with congenital aniridia due to a PAX6 mutation
DOI: 10.1080/14992020601175952
Keywords: central auditory processing, interhemispheric transfer, verbal working memory, PAX6, aniridia, child, CALLOSAL AGENESIS, INTERHEMISPHERIC INTERACTION, CORPUS-CALLOSUM, DYSFUNCTION, LANGUAGE, COCHLEAR, LESIONS, HUMANS
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/177151
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