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The role of sensorimotor impairments in dyslexia: a multiple case study of dyslexic children

White, S; Milne, E; Rosen, S; Hansen, P; Swettenham, J; Frith, U; Ramus, F; (2006) The role of sensorimotor impairments in dyslexia: a multiple case study of dyslexic children. DEVELOPMENTAL SCI , 9 (3) 237 - 255.

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Abstract

This study attempts to investigate the role of sensorimotor impairments in the reading disability that characterizes dyslexia. Twenty-three children with dyslexia were compared to 22 control children, matched for age and non-verbal intelligence, on tasks assessing literacy as well as phonological, visual, auditory and motor abilities. The dyslexic group as a whole were significantly impaired on phonological, but not sensorimotor, tasks. Analysis of individual data suggests that the most common impairments were on phonological and visual stress tasks and the vast majority of dyslexics had one of these two impairments. Furthermore, phonological skill was able to account for variation in literacy skill, to the exclusion of all sensorimotor factors, while neither auditory nor motor skill predicted any variance in phonological skill. Visual stress seems to account for a small proportion of dyslexics, independently of the commonly reported phonological deficit. However, there is little evidence for a causal role of auditory, motor or other visual impairments.

Type:Article
Title:The role of sensorimotor impairments in dyslexia: a multiple case study of dyslexic children
Keywords:BACKWARD RECOGNITION MASKING, DEVELOPMENTAL DYSLEXIA, READING DIFFICULTIES, PROCESSING DEFICITS, FAMILIAL RISK, CONTRAST SENSITIVITY, SPATIAL-FREQUENCY, SPEECH-PERCEPTION, POOR READERS, LANGUAGE
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Psychology and Language Sciences (Division of) > Developmental Science
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Psychology and Language Sciences (Division of) > Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Brain Sciences > Psychology and Language Sciences (Division of) > Speech, Hearing and Phonetic Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences

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