Walliser, C and Retlich, M and Harris, R and Everett, KL and Josephs, MB and Vatter, P and Esposito, D and Driscoll, PC and Katan, M and Gierschik, P and Bunney, TD (2008) Rac regulates its effector phospholipase C gamma 2 through interaction with a split PH domain. Journal of Biological Chemistry , 283 pp. 30351-30362. 10.1074/jbc.M803316200.
Several isoforms of phospholipase C (PLC) are regulated through interactions with Ras superfamily GTPases, including Rac proteins. Interestingly, of two closely related PLCγ isoforms, only PLCγ2 has previously been shown to be activated by Rac. Here, we explore the molecular basis of this interaction as well as the structural properties of PLCγ2 required for activation. Based on reconstitution experiments with isolated PLCγ variants and Rac2, we show that an unusual pleckstrin homology (PH) domain, designated as the split PH domain (spPH), is both necessary and sufficient to effect activation of PLCγ2 by Rac2. We also demonstrate that Rac2 directly binds to PLCγ2 as well as to the isolated spPH of this isoform. Furthermore, through the use of NMR spectroscopy and mutational analysis, we determine the structure of spPH, define the structural features of spPH required for Rac interaction, and identify critical amino acid residues at the interaction interface. We further discuss parallels and differences between PLCγ1 and PLCγ2 and the implications of our findings for their respective signaling roles.
|Title:||Rac regulates its effector phospholipase C gamma 2 through interaction with a split PH domain|
|Open access status:||An open access publication|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Life Sciences > Biosciences (Division of)|
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