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Time and place: putting individual health into context. A multilevel analysis of the British household panel survey, 1991-2001

Sacker, A; Wiggins, RD; Bartley, M; (2006) Time and place: putting individual health into context. A multilevel analysis of the British household panel survey, 1991-2001. HEALTH PLACE , 12 (3) 279 - 290. 10.1016/j.healthplace.2004.08.011.

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Abstract

Examination of the extent to which time and place affect people's health has been constrained by the resources available to answer this question. A British longitudinal, nationally representative survey of 8301 adults aged 16 years and older living in private households was used to consider the influence of household membership, area of residence and time using multilevel logistic regression. Self-rated health was assessed by general health and limiting illness during periods characterized by economic decline (1992), economic improvement (1996) and prosperity (2000). There was modest evidence of clustering of poor general health within areas and stronger support for within household similarities in general health which increased over time. Individual, household and area level deprivation accounted for almost all the area-level variability but had little effect on household variance. There was greater evidence of clustering of limiting illness within areas: deprivation did not account for this to any great extent. Area differences in general health reduced as the economy improved but time trends in differences in limiting illness lagged behind the timing of economic recovery. Both time and place are shown to affect self-rated health although the processes may differ depending on the health outcome. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Type: Article
Title: Time and place: putting individual health into context. A multilevel analysis of the British household panel survey, 1991-2001
DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2004.08.011
Keywords: contextual differences, multilevel models, self-rated health, deprivation, BHPS, LONG-TERM ILLNESS, AREA, DEPRIVATION, NEIGHBORHOOD, INEQUALITY, SIMILARITY, MORTALITY, ARTIFACT, OUTCOMES, UK
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Education > UCL Institute of Education > IOE - Social Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Epidemiology and Health > Epidemiology and Public Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/1753
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