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Induction of Tolerance to an Allogeneic Skin Flap Transplant in a Preclinical Large Animal Model

Horner, BM; Randolph, MA; Duran-Struuck, R; Hirsh, EL; Ferguson, KK; Teague, AGS; Butler, PEM; (2009) Induction of Tolerance to an Allogeneic Skin Flap Transplant in a Preclinical Large Animal Model. TRANSPLANTATION PROCEEDINGS , 41 (2) 539 - 541. 10.1016/j.transproceed.2009.01.015.

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Clinical composite tissue allotransplantation can adequately reconstruct defects that are not possible by other means. However, immunosuppressant toxicity limits the use of these techniques. Clinical attempts to reduce the amount of immunosuppression required by induction of an immunologically permissive state have so far been unsuccessful. The aim of this study was to induce tolerance in a preclinical large animal model. Donor hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) engraftment was induced by T-cell depletion, irradiation, and a short course of cyclosporine administered to the recipient, along with a hematopoietic cell infusion from a single haplotype major histocompatibility complex (MHC) mismatched donor. Skin was then allotransplanted from the donor. Both primarily vascularized skin flaps and secondarily vascularized conventional skin grafts were allotransplanted to investigate if the mode of transplantation affected outcome. Control animals received the skin allotransplants without conditioning. Tolerance was defined as no evidence of rejection at 90 days following transplantation. Conventional skin grafts only achieved prolonged survival (<65 days) in HSC-engrafted animals (P <.01). In contrast, there was indefinite skin flap survival with the achievement of tolerance in HSC-engrafted animals; this was confirmed on histology with donor-specific unresponsiveness on MLR and CML. Furthermore, a conventional skin donor graft subsequently applied to an animal tolerant to a skin flap was not rejected and did not trigger skin flap rejection. To our knowledge, this is the first time skin tolerance has been achieved across a MHC barrier in a large animal model. This is a significant step toward the goal of clinical skin tolerance induction.

Type: Article
Title: Induction of Tolerance to an Allogeneic Skin Flap Transplant in a Preclinical Large Animal Model
Location: Philadelphia, PA
DOI: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2009.01.015
UCL classification: UCL > Office of the President and Provost
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/175108
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