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Prognostic value of B-type natriuretic peptide in children with pulmonary hypertension

Lammers, AE; Hislop, AA; Haworth, SG; (2009) Prognostic value of B-type natriuretic peptide in children with pulmonary hypertension. International Journal of Cardiology , 135 (1) 21 - 26.

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Abstract

Background: We aimed to assess whether levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP)-an established marker of ventricular dysfunction relate to functional status and outcome in children with idiopathic and associated pulmonary hypertension (PH). Methods and results: BNP was measured in 50 children with PHT aged 8.4 +/- 5.1 years, all receiving PH specific therapies. Twenty-seven patients were diagnosed with idiopathic PH (IPAH), while 23 patients had associated PH [congenital heart disease (n=17), lung disease (n=4), other (n=2)]. Functional status, six-minute walk test, echocardiographic and haemodynamic data were assessed. Mean BNP value was 143.5 +/- 236.2 pg/ml ( range <5 - 1250). BNP correlated with Functional Class II, III, and IV (50.8 +/- 61.3, 196.9 +/- 291.2 and 280.0 +/- 276.5 respectively; p=0.01), with echocardiographic assessment of right ventricular function (p<0.01), hypertrophy (p<0.01) and dilatation (p<0.01). In IPAH BNP correlated with pulmonary arterial pressure and, on inhaled nitric oxide also with vascular resistance. During a mean follow- up of 14.0 +/- 7.5 months seven patients died, five underwent transplantation and two were listed for transplantation. Using ROC analysis, a BNP value >130 pg/ml predicted death or need for transplantation (p<0.04). However, six children who died or were transplanted had a BNP value lower than this. Conclusion: BNP correlated positively with functional status in children with pulmonary hypertension, but had limited sensitivity (57%) for predicting death or need for transplantation. (C) 2008 Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd

Type:Article
Title:Prognostic value of B-type natriuretic peptide in children with pulmonary hypertension
Additional information:WoS ID: 000266502700004 JJUN 12
Keywords:Aged, analysis, Disease, Heart, methods, Pressure, therapy, transplantation
UCL classification:UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Child Health

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