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The generation and reactivity of functionalised organozinc carbenoids for cyclopropane synthesis

Jerome, L.; (2009) The generation and reactivity of functionalised organozinc carbenoids for cyclopropane synthesis. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London). Green open access

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Abstract

This thesis describes the generation and reactivity of functionalised organozinc carbenoids for cyclopropane synthesis with alkenes. In the introductory chapter, a brief overview of the different methods for preparation of heteroatom-functionalised cyclopropanes is presented, including [2+1] cycloaddition reactions using a carbene or carbenoid as a cyclopropanating agent with an alkene, ionic stepwise methods, and chemical modifications from existing cyclopropanes. The remainder of this chapter then focuses on previous work within our own group in this area. The second chapter presents the results obtained from different areas of research in the present study, the first of these being a deeper understanding and extension of the research work undertaken by my predecessor for the development of the cyclopropanation reaction using an “amidoorganozinc” carbenoid derived from N,N diethoxymethyloxazolidinones derivatives in the presence of a source of zinc and chlorotrimethylsilane. Thus, the chemoselectivity and stereoselectivtity of the reaction were fully studied, and a quadrant model was constructed to rationalise the stereochemistry of the products obtained. The second part of this section outlines the generation of new enantiopure organozinc carbenoids precursors derived from substituted chiral precursors followed by the synthesis of novel enantiopure highly functionalised N-cyclopropyl oxazolidinones. The intramolecular version of this cyclopropanation reaction was then successfully studied using diethoxylactam derivatives as organozinc carbenoid precursors. The methodology was then applied to the preparation of novel aminocyclopropyl functionalised compounds selected as interesting building blocks which can lead to the synthesis of natural and biologically active compounds. The fifth part of this chapter describes subsequent studies towards the design of new carbenoid precursors containing additional functional groups of interest. Finally, a brief study on the potential of an organozinc carbenoid to participate in a novel [2,3] sigmatropic rearrangement was investigated. The thesis concludes with a summary of the results obtained, a detailed description of the experimental procedures used and the characterization and analysis of the compounds prepared, together with a full bibliography.

Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Title:The generation and reactivity of functionalised organozinc carbenoids for cyclopropane synthesis
Open access status:An open access version is available from UCL Discovery
Language:English
Additional information:Appendix not included due to copyright issues.
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Chemistry

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