A New Protocol for Conditional Disclosure of Secrets And Its Applications.
Presented at: The Fifth International Conference on Applied Cryptography and Network Security (ACNS'07).
Many protocols that are based on homomorphic encryption are private only if a client submits inputs from a limited range S. Conditional disclosure of secrets (CDS) helps to overcome this restriction. In a CDS protocol for a set S, the client obtains server's secret if and only if the client's inputs belong to S and thus the server can guard itself against malformed queries. We extend the existing CDS protocols to work over additively homomorphic cryptosystems for every set from NP/poly. The new construction is modular and easy to apply. As an example, we derive a new oblivious transfer protocol with log-squared communication and a millionaire's protocol with logarithmic communication. We also implement private, universally verifiable and robust multi-candidate electronic voting so that all voters only transmit an encryption of their vote. The only hardness assumption in all these protocols is that the underlying public-key cryptosystem is IND-CPA secure and the plaintext order does not have small factors..
|Type:||Conference item (UNSPECIFIED)|
|Title:||A New Protocol for Conditional Disclosure of Secrets And Its Applications|
|Event:||The Fifth International Conference on Applied Cryptography and Network Security (ACNS'07)|
|Keywords:||Conditional disclosure of secrets, crypto-computing, homomorphic encryption, oblivious transfer, two-party computation|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science|
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