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The challenge of irrationality: Fractal protein recipes for PI

Krohn, J; Bentley, PJ; Shayani, H; (2009) The challenge of irrationality: Fractal protein recipes for PI. In: Proceedings of the 11th Annual Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, GECCO-2009. (pp. 715 - 722).

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Computational development traditionally focuses on the use of an iterative, generative mapping process from genotype to phenotype in order to obtain complex phenotypes which comprise regularity, repetition and module reuse. This work examines whether an evolutionary computational developmental algorithm is capable of producing a phenotype with no known pattern at all: the irrational number PI. The paper summarizes the fractal protein algorithm, provides a new analysis of how fractals are exploited by the developmental process, then presents experiments, results and analysis showing that evolution is capable of producing an approximate algorithm for PI that goes beyond the limits of precision of the data types used. Copyright 2009 ACM.

Type: Proceedings paper
Title: The challenge of irrationality: Fractal protein recipes for PI
DOI: 10.1145/1569901.1570000
UCL classification: UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Engineering Science > Computer Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/171556
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