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Photophysics of protoporphyrin ions in vacuo: Triplet-state lifetimes and quantum yields

Calvo, MR; Andersen, JU; Hvelplund, P; Nielsen, SB; Pedersen, UV; Rangama, J; ... Forster, JS; + view all (2004) Photophysics of protoporphyrin ions in vacuo: Triplet-state lifetimes and quantum yields. J CHEM PHYS , 120 (11) 5067 - 5072. 10.1063/1.1647056.

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Abstract

Lifetimes of triplet-state molecules and triplet quantum yields are important parameters in photobiology as they determine the generation of singlet-oxygen upon irradiation with visible light. Here we report lifetimes of protoporphyrin IX (pp) in vacuo measured in an ion storage ring. We find that after 532 nm photon absorption pp(-) (free base and negatively charged carboxylate) and pp(+) (single protonation of ring nitrogen) have triplet-state lifetimes of 12 and 6 ms, respectively. After 415 or 390 nm absorption the lifetime of the anion is shorter. (1.5 and 0.6 ms) as expected from the increase in temperature. Triplet quantum yields of pp(-) and pp(+) are similar, 0.6-0.7, close to values reported for the free base and monocation in solution. The other channel, direct decay to the electronic ground state and subsequent dissociation of vibrationally excited ions, is much faster than triplet-singlet intersystem crossing. We measured lifetimes of 63 mus, 96 mus, and 0.3 ms after 390, 415, and 532 nm excitation, respectively. A fit of a statistical model to the pp- decay results in an Arrhenius activation energy of 0.5+/-0.2 eV for CO2 loss and a low preexponential factor (10(6)-10(1) s(-)1), indicative of an entropic barrier. (C) 2004 American Institute of Physics.

Type:Article
Title:Photophysics of protoporphyrin ions in vacuo: Triplet-state lifetimes and quantum yields
DOI:10.1063/1.1647056
Keywords:ELECTROSTATIC STORAGE-RING, IX DIMETHYL ESTER, GAS-PHASE, ELECTROSPRAY-IONIZATION, SINGLET OXYGEN, SEMIEMPIRICAL METHODS, PHOTODYNAMIC THERAPY, ALKYL CARBANIONS, OPTIMIZATION, BIOMOLECULES
UCL classification:UCL > School of BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > London Centre for Nanotechnology

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