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Jovian-like aurorae on Saturn

Stallard, T; Miller, S; Melin, H; Lystrup, M; Cowley, SWH; Bunce, EJ; Achilleos, N; (2008) Jovian-like aurorae on Saturn. NATURE , 453 (7198) 1083 - 1085. 10.1038/nature07077.

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Abstract

Planetary aurorae are formed by energetic charged particles streaming along the planet's magnetic field lines into the upper atmosphere from the surrounding space environment. Earth's main auroral oval is formed through interactions with the solar wind(1), whereas that at Jupiter is formed through interactions with plasma from the moon Io inside its magnetic field (although other processes form aurorae at both planets(2,3)). At Saturn, only the main auroral oval has previously been observed and there remains much debate over its origin. Here we report the discovery of a secondary oval at Saturn that is similar to 25 per cent as bright as the main oval, and we show this to be caused by interaction with the middle magnetosphere around the planet. This is a weak equivalent of Jupiter's main oval, its relative dimness being due to the lack of as large a source of ions as Jupiter's volcanic moon Io. This result suggests that differences seen in the auroral emissions from Saturn and Jupiter are due to scaling differences in the conditions at each of these two planets, whereas the underlying formation processes are the same.

Type: Article
Title: Jovian-like aurorae on Saturn
DOI: 10.1038/nature07077
Keywords: H-3(+) INFRARED-EMISSION, IONOSPHERE, FIELD, OVAL, MAGNETOSPHERE, THERMOSPHERE, TEMPERATURE, DYNAMICS
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Physics and Astronomy
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > UCL BEAMS > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences > Dept of Science and Technology Studies
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/169564
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