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Ctp1 is a cell-cycle-regulated protein that functions with Mre11 complex to control double-strand break repair by homologous recombination

Limbo, O; Chahwan, C; Yamada, Y; de Bruin, RAM; Wittenberg, C; Russell, P; (2007) Ctp1 is a cell-cycle-regulated protein that functions with Mre11 complex to control double-strand break repair by homologous recombination. MOL CELL , 28 (1) 134 - 146. 10.1016/j.molcel.2007.09.009.

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Abstract

The Mre11-Rad50-Nbs1 (MRN) complex is a primary sensor of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Upon recruitment to DSBs, it plays a critical role in catalyzing 5' -> 3' single-strand resection that is required for repair by homologous recombination (HR). Unknown mechanisms repress HR in G1 phase of the cell cycle during which nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) is the favored mode of DSB repair. Here we describe fission yeast Ctpl, so-named because it shares conserved domains with the mammalian tumor suppressor CUP. Ctpl is recruited to DSBs where it is essential for repair by HR. Ctpl is required for efficient formation of RPA-coated single-strand DNA adjacent to DSBs, indicating that it functions with the MRN complex in 5' -> 31 resection. Transcription of ctp(1+) is periodic during the cell cycle, with the onset of its expression coinciding with the start of DNA replication. These data suggest that regulation of Ctpl underlies cell-cycle control of HR.

Type:Article
Title:Ctp1 is a cell-cycle-regulated protein that functions with Mre11 complex to control double-strand break repair by homologous recombination
DOI:10.1016/j.molcel.2007.09.009
Keywords:DNA-DAMAGE RESPONSE, FISSION YEAST, SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE, IONIZING-RADIATION, CHROMOSOME-REPLICATION, MEIOTIC RECOMBINATION, CHECKPOINT CONTROL, CTIP, BINDING, PHOSPHORYLATION

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