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Acute blood pressure effects and chronic hypotensive action of calcimimetics in uremic rats

Odenwald, T; Nakagawa, K; Hadtstein, C; Roesch, F; Gohlke, P; Ritz, E; Schaefer, F; (2006) Acute blood pressure effects and chronic hypotensive action of calcimimetics in uremic rats. J AM SOC NEPHROL , 17 (3) 655 - 662. 10.1681/ASN.2005090914.

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A previous study in subtotally nephrectomized (SNX) rats suggested beneficial effects of the calcimimetic R-568 beyond the control of mineral metabolism. This study analyzed potential blood pressure (BP)-lowering effects of R-568. Male Sprague-Dawley rats received two-stage subtotal nephrectomy or sham operation. Telemetry devices were inserted into the abdominal aorta, and BP was measured every 5 min. R-568 (20 mg/kg per d) or solvent was infused for 4 wk followed by once-daily subcutaneous injections for 2 wk. Total body sodium was measured by neutron activation analysis. The uremia-induced increase of mean arterial pressure from baseline to day 42 in SNX solvent rats (103 +/- 5 to 128 +/- 14 mmHg, P = 0.006) was attenuated by R-568 (104 +/- 5 to 111 +/- 8 mmHg; P < 0.0001 for difference of slopes). The circadian rhythm was abrogated in SNX rats and not restored by R-568. In sham-operated rats, R-568 had only a minor transient antihypertensive effect. R-568 injection induced a transient rise of mean arterial pressure by 23 4 and 26 10 mmHg in sham and SNX rats but only by 9 3 and 10 5 mmHg in solvent-treated rats (P < 0.01 versus baseline and solvent versus R-568). Plasma angiotensin-converting enzyme activity and aldosterone levels were similar; food intake and physical activity did not differ throughout the study. In healthy rats, total body sodium was higher after 14 d of R-568 compared with solvent infusion (37.1 +/- 4 versus 32.5 +/- 1.4 mmol/kg; P = 0.01). The calcimimetic R-568 causes an initial BP increase in sham-operated and uremic rats, which in uremic rats is followed by a marked and sustained antihypertensive effect.

Type: Article
Title: Acute blood pressure effects and chronic hypotensive action of calcimimetics in uremic rats
DOI: 10.1681/ASN.2005090914
UCL classification: UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Population Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/167957
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