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Essays on career and family decisions of women

Yamada, K.; (2008) Essays on career and family decisions of women. Doctoral thesis, UCL (University College London).

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Abstract

This thesis consists of three essays on career and family decisions of women over the life cycle. The trade-offs surrounding career and family are paramount. ‘Fertility dip’ or ‘honeymoon dip’ in employment rates has been present in Japan. The fall in employment rates coincides with the timing of marriage and fertility. The proportion of part-time workers increases in the marriage duration whereas the proportion of full-time workers is stably low among married women. Changes in family structure alter an individual’s tax liability. In particular, households with a low-income secondary earner are eligible for tax deduction and exemption. Therefore, the current tax system may be suspected to cause lower female employment, especially in full-time job. The goal of the thesis is to qualify conceivable policy impacts on career and family decisions of women. The first essay is ‘Labor Supply Responses to the 1990s Japanese Tax Reforms’. This essay extends a canonical labor supply model and estimates labor supply elasticity with respect to net-of-tax rates using a series of tax reforms in Japan during the 1990s. The second essay is ‘Heterogeneity in Return to Work Experience: A dynamic Model of Female Labor Force Participation.’ This essay considers a dynamic model of labor force participation and provides structural estimates of heterogeneous returns to work experience. The third essay is ‘Marital and Occupational Choices of Women: A Dynamic Model of Intra-household Allocations with Human Capital Accumulation’. This essay develops a dynamic discrete-choice model of marital and employment status and estimates occupational earnings equations. The share of household budget allocated to an individual is endogenously determined in the structural model. Occupational earning equations account for the effects of work experience on current earnings, future earnings, marital status, and intra-marital bargaining power.

Type:Thesis (Doctoral)
Title:Essays on career and family decisions of women
Language:English
Additional information:Authorisation for digitisation not received
UCL classification:UCL > School of Arts and Social Sciences > Faculty of Social and Historical Sciences > Economics

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