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Novel mutation in desmoplakin causes arrhythmogenic left ventricular cardiomyopathy

Norman, M; Simpson, M; Mogensen, J; Shaw, A; Hughes, S; Syrris, P; Sen-Chowdhry, S; ... McKenna, WJ; + view all (2005) Novel mutation in desmoplakin causes arrhythmogenic left ventricular cardiomyopathy. CIRCULATION , 112 (5) 636 - 642. 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.104.532234.

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Abstract

Background - Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a familial heart muscle disease characterized by structural, electrical, and pathological abnormalities of the right ventricle (RV). Several disease loci have been identified. Mutations in desmoplakin have recently been isolated in both autosomal-dominant and autosomal-recessive forms of ARVC. Primary left ventricular (LV) variants of the disease are increasingly recognized. We report on a large family with autosomal-dominant left-sided ARVC.Methods and Results - The proband presented with sudden cardiac death and fibrofatty replacement of the LV myocardium. The family was evaluated. Diagnosis was based on modified diagnostic criteria for ARVC. Seven had inferior and/or lateral T-wave inversion on ECG, LV dilatation, and ventricular arrhythmia, predominantly extrasystoles of LV origin. Three had sustained ventricular tachycardia; 7 had late potentials on signal-averaged ECG. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging in 4 patients revealed wall-motion abnormalities of the RV and patchy, late gadolinium enhancement in the LV, suggestive of fibrosis. Linkage confirmed cosegregation to the desmoplakin intragenic marker D6S2975. A heterozygous, single adenine insertion (2034insA) in the desmoplakin gene was identified in affected individuals only. A frameshift introducing a premature stop codon with truncation of the rod and carboxy terminus of desmoplakin was confirmed by Western blot analysis.Conclusions - We have described a new dominant mutation in desmoplakin that causes left-sided ARVC, with arrhythmias of LV origin, lateral T-wave inversion, and late gadolinium enhancement in the LV on magnetic resonance images. Truncation of the carboxy terminus of desmoplakin and consequent disruption of intermediate filament binding may account for the predominant LV phenotype.

Type: Article
Title: Novel mutation in desmoplakin causes arrhythmogenic left ventricular cardiomyopathy
DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.104.532234
Keywords: cardiomyopathy, death, sudden, genetics, arrhythmia, cell adhesion molecules, PALMOPLANTAR KERATODERMA, WOOLLY HAIR, RECESSIVE MUTATION, NAXOS-DISEASE, HAPLOINSUFFICIENCY, PLAKOGLOBIN, DYSPLASIA, SPECTRUM, HEART
UCL classification: UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular Science > Clinical Science
UCL > Provost and Vice Provost Offices > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Pop Health Sciences > UCL GOS Institute of Child Health
URI: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/167636
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