Plebanski, M; Hannan, CM; Behboudi, S; Flanagan, KL; Apostolopoulos, V; Sinden, RE; Hill, AVS; (2005) Direct processing and presentation of antigen from malaria sporozoites by professional antigen-presenting cells in the induction of CD8(+) T-cell responses. In: IMMUNOL CELL BIOL. (pp. 307 - 312). BLACKWELL PUBLISHING ASIA
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Irradiated malaria sporozoites induce better protection than viable untreated sporozoites. We observed early differences between irradiated and viable untreated sporozoites in priming responses in vivo to a protective CD8 T-cell epitope, pb9, of the circumsporozoite protein of Plasmodium berghei. Sporozoites were processed for MHC class I presentation by dendritic cells (DC) to prime pb9-specific IFN-gamma-producing CD8 T cells. DC pulsed with untreated and irradiated sporozoites were similarly capable of priming central memory T-cell responses, detectable by the IFN-gamma cultured ELISPOT assay. However, irradiation significantly enhanced sporozoites' ability to prime effector T-cell responses detectable by the IFN-gamma ex vivo ELISPOT assay. Irradiation also enhanced the ability of splenic APC to process and present sporozoites in order to re-stimulate pb9-specific polyclonal and clonal T-cell responses. Sporozoites did not stimulate T cells in the absence of APC. Over-irradiation decreased the sporozoites' T-cell stimulating capacity in vitro at high parasite doses, which may indicate that an optimal irradiation dose is necessary to induce protective immunity by sporozoite inoculation. The induction of sporozoite-specific CD8 T-cell responses without the need for liver stage infection identifies a potentially important mechanism in the development of pre-erythrocytic immunity.
|Title:||Direct processing and presentation of antigen from malaria sporozoites by professional antigen-presenting cells in the induction of CD8(+) T-cell responses|
|Keywords:||antigen-presenting cell, circumsporozoite protein, dendritic cell, malaria, PLASMODIUM-BERGHEI, IRRADIATED SPOROZOITES, PROTECTIVE IMMUNITY, FALCIPARUM, INFECTION, PARASITES, EPITOPE|
|UCL classification:||UCL > School of Life and Medical Sciences > Faculty of Medical Sciences > Medicine (Division of)|
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